Jouelejeuvaison 1

Did you know?

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Rush for Oklahoma: Control of Indian Territories

    In 1889, hundreds of thousands of European settlers divided Indian lands among themselves by taking part in the Land Run, a furious cavalcade across the plains of Oklahoma.

    Their goal ?

    Get hold of land offered for settlement. 8,000 square kilometers of land to be colonized

    The principle is as simple as it is astounding: the plots of land will be allocated free of charge to the settlers on a “first come, first served” basis.

    This Land Run of April 22, 1889 remains one of the most mind-boggling - and brutal - episodes of the conquest of the West.

    In the year 1889, the great explorations of the American West were drawing to a close. The gold rush and the construction of the transcontinental railroad were a thing of the past.

    The central Great Plains region (Montana to Texas) had been colonized, notably under the Homestead Act of 1862, a law giving European farmers ownership of the land they occupied after driving out the Indians.

    Today's Oklahoma was a special case. Called then Indian Territory, it was the last refuge of the Amerindians after decades of violence and displacement of populations.

    To be an owner, it was enough to arrive first on a piece of land, to take possession of it by planting a pole on the ground on which was written "This land is mine".

    Cities raised from the ground in one day. The next day, the first solid buildings were erected: banks, saloons, gambling houses…

    Have a good day and have a good game;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone ! Who was Buffalo Bill really?

    In the West, when legend outweighs reality, the legend is printed. "

    This provocative line comes from a journalist in John Ford's western The Man Who Killed Liberty Valence (1962).

    It applies perfectly to Buffalo Bill, the most famous character of the Old West.

    The most famous, but also the most controversial ...

    Icon of the cowboy with his long hair, his beautiful mustaches, his Stetson and his fringed tunics, William Cody owes much his popularity to accommodations with reality, even to pure and simple inventions, which transformed a bison killer. as an epic hero.

    Because this guide appreciated by the colonists and the army proved to be a sacred storyteller and an extraordinary director of the stories that the cowboys told each other at the vigil, whether they were fighting against the Indians or cavalry charges.

    William Cody challenges another US Army scout named Billy Comstock. It's about slaughtering as many bison as possible in a day, without ever dismounting.

    This competition, organized by newspapers, takes place in front of a hundred spectators who came by special train. Cody manages to kill 38 beasts in the first round, then 18 and 13 more.

    Final score: 69 for Cody, against 46 for Comstock.

    From then on, we only call him Buffalo Bill.

    Good day and good game ;)

    Sv6

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    African-Americans, Jews, Irish…

    Minorities in the days of the Far West : 

    The Mexicans

    The Mexicans may have traced their genealogy since the founding of New Spain, they were collectively recruited as seasonal workers, notably in the corn and cotton fields of the New Mexico.

    The French:

    based in San Francisco Unlike the Italian or Irish migrants, these newcomers did not flee poverty.

    For most traders, investors or bankers, it was the opportunities to make a fortune that attracted them there.

    To mock the lack of enthusiasm of our fellow citizens to adopt the English language, they nicknamed them the "kezkidis".

    The British: The Mormon Wave Among the workers in the coalfields, one particular case has deeply marked the history of the West: that of the British Mormons who came to build "the new Jerusalem" in the great American spaces.

    Good day and good game ;)

    Sv5

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    African-Americans, Jews, Irish…

    Minorities in the days of the Wild West.

    The Irish: A Key Role in the Railroad Epic Found in large numbers in the mines of California, Nevada and Colorado, they also played a key role in the railroad epic.

    From 1860 to 1869, the faithful of Saint Patrick built from Omaha, Nebraska, the "east-west" section of the first transcontinental railway line, while their Chinese counterparts carried out from Sacramento, Calif., The “west-east” section.

    So it was thanks to the Sino-Irish force that New York was only a week's journey from San Francisco - instead of six months before.

    The Chinese: They called themselves "Gamsaanhaak", "the guests of the Golden Mountain".

    An evocative paraphrase to designate California plunged into gold fever since 1848.

    Agricultural workers (coolies), cooks, launderers around the deposits, or workers, they were distinguished by their endurance.

    Good day and good game ;)

    Sv5

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    African Americans, Jews, Irish ...

    Minorities in the Old West African Americans: The West was a refuge.

    Land, easy money, a new life and most of all ... freedom.

    The Jews: Two men with similar surnames perfectly illustrate these American-style success stories.

    One became a great politician and the second, Levi Strauss, founded commercial establishments in San Francisco in the 1850s.

    He then created the essential piece of the loggers 'and miners' panoply: blue jeans.

    Good day and good game ;)

    Sv5

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The Transcontinental, the railroad that made America.

    In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln decided to build a transcontinental railway line, connecting the Pacific coast with that of the Atlantic.

    Six years of titanic work to overcome this challenge.

    Omaha, the largest city in Nebraska, has been dubbed "the Gateway to the West."

    On May 15, a train from the East Coast arrived in Sacramento.

    It took a week to cover a distance that the wagons took six months to cover.

    The dream has come true.

    Good day and good game ;)

    Sv4

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Many vigilantes who inspired the legends of the Wild West have existed.

    Between settling of scores, robberies, arrests and manhunts, the acts of arms of these impulsive and violent individuals have also forged the legend of the American West.

    Whether it's Billy the Kid, Calamity Jane, Jesse James or the Daltons, their stories are still being told today.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone ! Discover the true story of the Dalton brothers!

    The Dalton brothers really existed and became famous for their multiple attacks on banks and trains.

    But before they became highwaymen, Emmett, Bill, Grat, and Bob were role models.

    Three brothers, three lawyers who abuse their authority as Marshalls, extort traders, steal horses.

    They are all the less embarrassed because Washington regularly delays sending their paychecks.

    Emmett, the only Dalton who survived a massacre, will also contribute to the notoriety of the Dalton.

    Sentenced to life imprisonment on March 8, 1893, he was sent to a Texas state prison. His good behavior earned Emmett his release after fourteen years.

    So at 36, he married his faithful Julia, became a real estate agent in California and wrote his memoirs, before working in the cinema.

    In 1916, he played his own role in The Man of the Desert: actor on the Frontier and then in Hollywood, he embodied his own legend during his lifetime, before dying in Los Angeles in 1937.

    Good day and good game ;)

    Sv2

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    About half of the cowboys were people of color.

    It is a little-known reality of the conquest of the West: at the end of the 19th century, 45% of cowboys were black, Mexican, mestizo or Indians.

    In the 1930s, one of them, Bill Pickett, even became a star.

    He invented bulldogging, a technique that involves jumping off your horse to control a cow - or even a bull - by grabbing it by the horns!

    The rodeos of the time made it an official event. And Bill Pickett, who attended, was dubbed the "black demon."

    Good day and good game ;)

    Sv1

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The largest star in the Universe is currently being absorbed by a black hole.

    For the first time, a black hole has been caught ripping and swallowing a star that's too close.

    Scientists, who until now had only witnessed the aftermath of such events, claim that the observation highlights "relativistic jets", shards of matter that spring up at almost the speed of light.

    At the center of virtually all large galaxies are super massive black holes.

    These monsters, which are millions to billions of times the mass of the sun, can tear through passing objects, gravitational pulling at the stars in gigantic versions of how our moon pulls over Earth's oceans to generate tides.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    There is a planet that could be made entirely of diamonds.

    New research by scientists at Yale University suggests that a rocky planet twice the size of Earth orbiting a nearby star is a diamond planet.

    “This is our first glimpse of a rocky world with fundamentally different chemistry from Earth,” said lead researcher Nikku Madhusudhan, Yale postdoctoral researcher in physics and astronomy.

    "The surface of this planet is probably covered with graphite and diamond rather than water and granite."

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The center of our galaxy could smell of raspberries and rum!

    Ethyl formate is responsible for the raspberry flavor and is present in large quantities in the center of the Galaxy.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Clouds of gas flee our galaxy!

    Observed recently from the Green Bank Observatory, more than a hundred hydrogen clouds are making their way through the galaxy at a speed of 1.2 million kilometers per hour.

    Scientists studying the desert cloud explain that clouds can act as tracers for the process that results in Fermi bubbles.

    Good day and good game ;)

     

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone!

    The galactic center rejects hot air.

    The Milky Way releases massive bubbles of extremely hot gas.

    Fermi bubbles are radiating “8” shaped structures located on either side of the galactic center of the Milky Way and oriented perpendicular to the galactic disk.

    Unknown until 2010, it is not clear exactly why these bubbles form and exist, but scientists believe they could be linked to the death of a star in the Sagittarius A * region.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The galaxy is an island in a stream of stars.

    The Milky Way absorbs galaxies that come a little too close.

    Over time, scientists who have studied our galaxy have detected two dozen clusters of stars, afterglow of galaxies.

    These rivers of ghostly stars were formed when the very powerful gravity of the Milky Way dismantled the smallest galaxies.

    During the last Congress of the American Astronomical Union, a team from the Dark Energy Survey, an international program seeking to map hundreds of millions of galaxies in order to better understand the nature of dark energy, announced the detection 11 additional star currents, some of which bear Aboriginal names.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    We hang out with old stars!

    The Milky Way is also surrounded by more than 150 ancient groups of stars, some of which are among the oldest in the universe.

    Called globular clusters, these conglomerates of primordial stars live in the orbit of the Milky Way and its galactic center.

    Each of these clusters includes hundreds of thousands of stars.

    In addition, dozens of galaxies

    satellites accompany the Milky Way in its course; some are difficult to observe, but the Small Cloud and the Large Magellanic Cloud appear every evening in the southern hemisphere.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    We are surrounded by a black halo.

    The Milky Way is nested in a cluster of dark matter much larger and more massive than the galaxy itself.

    In the late 1960s, astronomer Vera Rubin deduced the presence of dark matter in the periphery of galaxies by studying the speed of rotation of stars in spiral galaxies.

    She observed that the stars near the outskirts of Andromeda were moving at a speed that should have sent them to the far reaches of the universe.

    And yet they stayed in their orbit, which meant that some sort of cosmic glue held them together.

    This "glue", we now know, is dark matter.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Our sun is just one star among hundreds of billions.

    The Milky Way is home to a hundred billion stars.

    Maybe 300 or 400 billion.

    We do not yet know for sure how many stars make up our galaxy.

    Several of them are small, faint stars that are difficult to detect over great cosmic distances, especially when massive clouds obscure the horizon near Sagittarius A *.

    Astronomers have estimated the total number of stars in the Milky Way based on the mass and brightness of our galaxy, but it remains impossible to determine this number exactly.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The Milky Way is not eternal!

    In about 4 billion years, the Milky Way will collide with its closest neighbor, the Andromeda Galaxy.

    The two spiral galaxies are approaching each other at a speed of 402,000 kilometers per hour.

    When they come into contact, it won't be as catastrophic as you might imagine.

    Earth will certainly survive this galactic shock, and only a few rare stars will actually be destroyed.

    The new mega-galaxy will offer intensely starry night skies.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

     

    Hello everyone !

    A huge black hole sits at the center of our galaxy.

    Sagittarius A *, located in the center of the Milky Way, is a huge black hole whose mass is about 4 million times that of our sun.

    This object has never been observed directly - it is hidden by thick clouds of dust and gas.

    But astronomers have been able to observe the orbit of stars and clouds near the center of the galaxy, and in this way calculate the mass of this hidden cosmic giant.

    Huge black holes are said to have made their home in the heart of most galaxies, and some feed on surrounding matter so forcefully that they reject powerful radiation visible millions of light years away.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

     

    Hello everyone !

    The earth is 18 galactic years old.

    The solar system moves through interstellar space at a speed of 805,000 kilometers per hour.

    Even at this speed, it takes 250 million Earth years to circle the Milky Way.

    The last time our 4.5 billion-year-old planet was in the same position in the Milky Way, all five continents were still touching, dinosaurs had just appeared, mammals had yet to evolve, and the world's greatest extinction mass of our planet's history was falling into place.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

     

    Hello everyone !

    The Milky Way is generally flat.

    Our galaxy is about a hundred thousand light-years long and a thousand light-years wide.

    Inside this generally flat (albeit somewhat distorted) disk, the Sun and its planets are enveloped in clusters of gas and dust, more than 26,000 light years from the tumultuous heart of our galaxy.

    A wave of dust and stars envelops the galactic center.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

     

    Hello everyone !

    You know the story of Sleeping Beauty!

    But did you know that in the original version of Basil, it is not a celibate prince who finds Princess Talia but a married king in search of his lost hawk?

    Taking advantage of the sleeping beauty, he leaves her two twins, the Sun and the Moon, who, seeking breast milk, removed the splinter that had plunged the beauty into a deep sleep.

    We are far from the fairy tale praised by Disney ...

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The Little Mermaid, written by Danish Hans Christian Andersen, dates from 1837.

    In his version, mermaids are soulless beings who, when they die, disappear in the foam of the waves.

    It's a sad reality for the little mermaid who would love to be human and have the hope of an afterlife.

    She therefore wishes to leave the world of the sea to escape her fate.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Peter Pan was originally a character in the adult novel The Little White Bird, by J. M. Barrie, published in 1902.

    Due to the success of this character who appeared in only a few chapters, J. M. Barrie made him the hero. from a play he wrote in 1904:

    Peter Pan or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    An urban legend is a modern story, approaching a myth, spreading by word of mouth.

    She approaches the rumor and the hoax by expressing especially fears and fixations.

    Depending on its resistance to time, it becomes part of folklore ...

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    There are said to be a dozen different origins of the legends.

    But five stand out.

    They could be anthropological (and come from primitive human thoughts), astral or naturalist (by deifying the great manifestations of nature), mythological (created by the tales of the prehistoric childhood of the homeland) or even linguistic (resulting from the transmission of stories transformed between several peoples).

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Some illustrators like Gustave Doré, Arthur Rackham and Edmond Dulac owe their notoriety to fairy tales.

    Indeed, their drawings and engravings are more than an illustration, they offer a real interpretation of the text.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    A legend is strongly linked to a key element, this is specified and focuses on a place, an object, a character, a story, etc.

    Over time, the legend can evolve into a myth for future societies, as it loses in precision and gains in fantasy and amplification, and turns towards the mystical.

    Thus, in a legend, there can be a part of myth, as with regard to Heracles, the Greek hero, the Hercules of the Romans.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Legend differs from myth in that a legend holds real facts.

    A story is told then is transmitted orally hence the modifications.

    We can define it as a story that mixes the true and the false.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone!

    The word "legend" from the Latin "legenda" or "which must be read" is a story written to be read publicly.

    In the 16th century, the legend becomes a marvelous tale where historical facts are transformed by popular imagination or poetic invention.

    Historical precision then takes a back seat to spiritual intention.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The word "tale" comes from the Latin "computare" whose meaning was "to enumerate, to relate facts".

    According to the eras, and mainly after the Middle Ages, the tale will concern the recounting of less serious, more mischievous and fantastic anecdotes which amuse and educate.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The French expression "Il était une fois" appears for the first time in 1694 in the tale Peau d´Âne thanks to Charles Perrault.

    This phrase from its English counterpart, "Once Upon a Time", is said to have been used for the first time around 1380 (according to the Oxford English Dictionary).

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Popular fairy tales find their origin in oral tradition.

    Cinderella's story, for example, dates back to the 9th century BC in China, but it was not until 1634 that she arrived in Europe, transcribed by the Italian author Giambattista Basile.

    His collection of stories called The Pentamerone brings together the first versions of Sleeping Beauty, Little Red Riding Hood and Puss in Boots.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

     

    Hello everyone !

    Before becoming written and illustrated stories, tales were above all a story that was passed on by word of mouth.

    In all countries of the world, this oral tradition is part of the collective memory.

    Stemming from real facts mystified to make the tale fantastic, the tale is first told by storytellers before appearing in writing with later recognized authors such as the Brothers Grimm or Charles Perrault.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

     

    Hello everyone !

    If the 80s launched a great turning point in French society, the 90s followed suit.

    Do you remember the pogs, tamagochis, totoches and marbles?

    Well for the memory of people who know and for the discovery of the youngest, here is a video that sums up the 90s :)

    Good discovery and good game;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone ! Now back to 1989!

    As we celebrate the centenary of the Eiffel Tower, the Berlin Wall falls and marks the end of the Cold War.

    Madonna angered the Vatican with her song "Like a Prayer" with 38 million singles and around 98 million albums sold in France.

    The charity song of the great Charles Aznavour "For you Armenia" is the first to enter directly at No. 1 of the Top 50.

    The young singer Sirima Wiratunga, revealed in her duet "Over there" with Jean Jacques Goldman leaves us tragically.

    Olivier de Kersauzon breaks the world record for solo round-the-world sailing and Michael Chang, at 17, becomes the youngest winner of Roland Garros by beating Ivan Lendl.

    Thanks to the broadcast of the clip throughout the summer on a loop on TF1, the lambada is the hit of summer 89!

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone ! Back in 1988!

    Mylène Farmer continues her meteoric rise with more than a million of her album "Thus, be I ..." among the 78 million albums and 43 million single sold in France!

    Celine Dion wins the Eurovision Song Contest for Switzerland with her title "Don't leave without me".

    Meanwhile at Wembley, a big concert is organized to demand the release of Nelson Mandela.

    The sport is also prolific with the victories in tennis of the German Steffi Graff, the Swedish Mats Wilander at Roland Garros and the Spanish cyclist Pedro Delagdo in the Tour de France.

    "Le Grand Bleu" tops the Box Office with its 9,194118 entries in France and "Les Guignols de l'info" and "Questions pour un champion" appear on French television.

    While George Bush becomes president of the United States, Mitterand, re-elected president inaugurates the pyramid of Louvres.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone ! Today we go back to 1987!

    While Lio stirred up controversy by stepping onto the stage at Olympia who was five months pregnant, TV6 gave way to M6.

    The Futuroscope in Poitiers was inaugurated and the 1st telethon on Antenne 2 recorded a pledge of 181,237,459 francs (or 27,629,525.77 euros).

    TF1, which has just been privatized, is launching Club Dorothée's first program.

    While Johnny Hallyday is performing in Bercy for the first time, we deplore the tragic departure of Dalida. :(

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

     

    Hello everyone ! Today we are going back to 1986!

    The music industry is doing well with 54 million singles and 57 million albums sold in France!

    Mylène Farmer revolutionizes, but causes scandal at the same time with her video clip "Libertine".

    Jean-Jacques Goldman writes the song for the Restos du Cœur while the Telephone group is breaking up.

    Daniel Balavoine tragically leaves us as a new French music channel is born, called TV6 (soon M6).

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone ! Now back to 1985!

    The painter Marc Chagall passed away at 97, as did the actress Simone Signoret at 64.

    The wreckage of the Titanic was then found 900km from Newfoundland.

    Alain Prost becomes Formula 1 world champion and Coluche creates the Restos du Cœur.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Louis de Funes will not have had time to discover the first Peugeot 205s, the TGV which connects Lyon to Paris in less than two hours or the first compact disc (CD) in 1983.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone ! Welcome to 1982!

    What if it wasn't "The Last Show" and we started celebrating music for the first time.

    A beautiful princess left Monaco with "Grace".

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    In 1981, Dallas landed in France at the same time as free radio.

    The music channel MTV is born and we attend the wedding of Prince Charles and Lady Diana while Brassens leaves us.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone ! Back in 1980!

    John Lennon was leaving us and Sophie Marceau appeared in "La boum" by Claude Pineau.

    That year, Toru Iwatani invented the famous Pacman.

    The biggest hit in video game history, the yellow man is said to be inspired by a pizza that lacks a quarter :)

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The French-speaking Scrabble world champion does not speak French!

    New Zealander Nigel Richards became world champion in French-speaking Scrabble (he was already for English-speaking scrabble).

    What is amazing is that this man does not speak French.

    How did he manage to win this title despite his linguistic handicap?

    Thanks to his impressive memory, Nigel Richards managed to learn in just nine weeks the official French-speaking Scrabble dictionary which contains over 380,000 words.

    He has not learned the meaning of words, for him it is binary, words have only numerical value.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone ! Little flashback!

    You certainly don't know Gunpei Yokoi, the inventor of the Game Boy, and the D-pad, the multi-directional controller found on all gamepads.

    He was responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of the machines used to make Hanafuda cards at Nintendo.

    Inventor of the Game Boy and superhuman abilities of Mario, and the appearance of multiplayer mode in this game by introducing his brother Luigi.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The odd even is a mixed game, born from the exchanges of civilizations between Greeks and Romans.

    The players have an equal number of marbles (pebbles or shells ...).

    One of them hides a few in his hand; he can hide them all if he wishes.

    The second pronounces one of the two words: "even" or "odd".

    If he pronounces the word "even" and there is indeed an even number of marbles, then he receives a marble from the first for his correct answer; conversely, he must give one for a false answer.

    In the next round, the roles are reversed.

    The game is played over a number of moves.

    The winner is the one who has the most marbles or who has taken all of his opponent's marbles.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    La mourre is a Roman game of chance.

    The two players stand face to face, right hand forward.

    Each must, at the same time his opponent, show any number of fingers while pronouncing a number from 1 to 10.

    One of the two players scores a point when the total of the fingers shown by each of them equals the number he has spoken.

    Zero is designated by the closed point or "morra".

    Example: Player A says 5 by showing 4 fingers, Player B says 6 by showing 1 finger.

    It is therefore player A who scores a point since: 4 + 1 = 5 (number stated by player A).

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Mancala is the generic name for a set of traditional African and Asian board games, also called seedling games.

    These are abstract combinatorial strategy games of the "count and capture" type in which pebbles, seeds or shells are distributed in rows of cups or holes, sometimes dug in the ground.

    Among the mancala games we can mention the awalé.

    These games have played and are playing an important role in many African societies, much like the game of chess in the West.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Patolli is one of the oldest games played in Mesoamerica and many indigenous peoples.

    It is a game of chance, quite similar to our game of goose, which was played with frenzy by all strata of most Mesoamerican societies.

    Its name comes from the Nahuatl word which designates beans used for dice.

    52 boxes are shown there which correspond to the years of the solar cycle, a number with essential symbolism in Mesoamerica.

    The patolli thus appears as a game with fate, in which we look for omens, where we bet to liven up the game.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The earliest dice as we know them originated in Asian culture during the period of antiquity.

    They are one of the oldest devices in games of chance, and also generators of random numbers.

    The most common dice are cubes, each with six sides showing a different number, and the numbers are arranged so that the opposite sides to be added make seven.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The Shuanglu game was an ancient game that has been lost.

    Similar to the game of chess, Shuanglu is said to have been a popular game in ancient China.

    In the old days, the Shuanglu set was offered in wine and tea shops in the north, so that people could play the game while drinking tea.

    During the Yuan Dynasty, the game was popular with scholars and scholars.

    Still, the game encountered a phase of declining popularity, even though it was still mentioned in novels and plays.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

     

    Hello everyone !

    Apart from xiangqi (Chinese chess game) and Weiqi or game of go, Liubo was another popular game in China during ancient times.

    Each of the two players has six chess pieces, hence Liubo's name "six strokes".

    The paraphernalia of the game includes a dice, chess pieces, a chess board, shavings, a cutting knife, a scraping knife and a holster.

    There are a total of 12 chess pieces - 6 black and 6 white (or red) with each color representing one side.

    The chess board, otherwise known as "qudao" is usually a square wooden board with grooves of various rectangular shapes and round dots debossed on the white or black surface.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Boqian is an ancient Asian game which means "to beat coins".

    Participants toss coins into their hands, then turn them over on a flat surface.

    Once all the pieces are laid out, we proceed to the counting of the face sides and the stacks of the time, which will make it possible to designate the winner.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The first forms of writing from antiquity in Europe come from the Minoan civilization (Crete) as early as -2700.

    Linear scripts A and B have followed one another to give birth, among other things, to the Etruscan, Latin, Armenian and Cyrillic alphabets.

    Have a good day everyone and have a good game;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The game of "Polis" or literally of the "City" is a game of strategy, precursor of the game of chess.

    It includes a board, the "Polis", divided into small squares and comprising from 32 to 60 black and white pawns (the dogs, "kynes"), which were each positioned on their side of the board according to their color.

    The game was between two players who took turns moving the pawns on the different squares of the board, the goal being to capture and eliminate the opponent's pawns.

    Each pawn could move forward, backward, left or right.

    When the winner had minimal losses, his victory was all the more glorious.

    This game was very popular and the champions of the "Polis" enjoyed great social prestige.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The ostomachion, literally "the battle of the bones" is the first puzzle in history and the ancestor of our current tangrams.

    It was probably invented by Archimedes to solve a mathematical problem, or as a source of reflection.

    The game consisted of a square base cut into 14 geometric pieces.

    The object of the game was to combine the pieces in several ways and using them all, to piece together the square, or precise figures (a helmet, a goose in flight, a tower, a column, an elephant, a boar, a dog barking or a hunter on the prowl).

    Have a nice day everyone and have a good game;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The little Greeks played with ancestors of spinning tops and spheres (first terracotta yo-yos).

    But also with the toys of Dionysus, polyhedra that Plato considered the primary structural components of the creation of the world:

    - a) the regular tetrahedron (4 faces, 4 vertices and 6 edges) which symbolized fire,

    - b) the regular hexahedron or cube (6 faces, 8 vertices and 12 edges) which symbolized the Earth,

    - c) the regular octahedron (8 faces, 6 vertices and 12 edges) which symbolized air,

    - d) the regular icosahedron (20 faces, 12 vertices and 30 edges) which symbolized water.

    Have a nice day everyone and have a good game;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    The Greeks had the first game libraries called "houses of games" (kubeuteria) which were located near or in shrines ...

    Tali is one of the famous games from ancient Greece that was quickly played among the Romans as well, including Emperor Augustus and his friends.

    With each throw of the dog (ossicle which is worth one) or of the six.

    The winner was the one who got the "Venus blow", where each bone falls on a different side, which implies that they were playing with four bones.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Today we're going to talk about the Brandubh.

    The object of the game of Brandubh is to make the opposing pawns disappear in the chutes located on the sides of the board.

    To do this, you must always have at least one ball of your own color in addition to those of your opponent to be able to push your balls towards the chutes.

    We move the marbles one space each time, regardless of the direction, and always pushing them when there are several.

    Our Abalone would heir to the Celtic Brandubh?

    Have a nice day everyone and have a good game;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone !

    Today we're going to talk about Fidchell.

    The object of Fidchell's game is the capture of the opposing pawns by strangulation.

    To take a pawn, two of our pawns had to encircle it.

    As soon as the opposing pawn was taken, we turned it to put it on the side of our color.

    We won when all the pawns were placed and the player with the most pawns of his color dominated.

    Could this Celtic game, Fidchell, be the ancestor of our current Othello (or reversi)?

    Have a good day everyone and have a good game;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone, today we are going to talk about the 9 hole merelle.

    Better known nowadays under the name of small square, mill or 9 hole game, it is a game that comes to us from Celtic antiquity.

    He has experienced several revivals of interest in history, particularly in the Middle Ages and today.

    The two players each have nine pawns which they enter in turn on any intersection of the board.

    Each time one of them succeeds in aligning three pawns, he has the right to remove one of his opponent's pieces, except those which are already in an alignment of three.

    When all the pawns are in play, the game continues by alternately moving a pawn to an adjacent empty intersection, and striving to re-align.

    When one of the players has succeeded in blocking his opponent, so that he can no longer make a move, or when he has taken all his pawns except two, he wins.

    Have a nice day, thank you and let's be careful. Have a good game;)

     

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone.

    Gwezboell is a strategy game from Antiquity, reproducing the endemic wars of the ancient Celtic world.

    Unlike classic chess and checkers, the Gwezboell pits two camps of unequal strength, each with a different goal.

    The Great King besieged in his central mansion, is protected by eight little kings.

    With their help, he must escape his attackers by reaching one of the four corners of the checkerboard.

    The attackers are sixteen, in four groups of four pawns.

    They must capture the king by blocking him and preventing him from moving.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone.

    The game of the dog and the jackal is composed of two sets of five sticks with the heads of a dog and a jackal and a board pierced with two zones of twenty-nine holes.

    In addition to taking their pawns off the board, players could get additional points based on the common placement of their pawns.

    A course with stages brought them back or offered them shortcuts.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone.

    The "20 boxes" was a game quite similar to our territory conquest board games which inspired the creation of the senet.

    It was called "twenty" or "twenty boxes" or also "aseb", a word probably of Babylonian origin.

    We progressed by throwing either astragalus or tetrahedron-shaped dice.

    It was necessary to move on the rows of boxes one after the other, avoiding the traps of certain boxes.

    The positioning of the pawns gave points according to particular combinations.

    Good day to you all. Good game ;)

  • Did you know?

     Hello everybody!

    The senet (or zénet) is the most famous game of ancient Egypt.

    He would have helped to prepare the passage of the deceased in the afterlife.

    There are many representations engraved or painted on the walls of the tombs: images of characters playing, seated in front of their gaming tables.

    We played two.

    The ten game pawns (5 of each color for each player) were placed on the board by alternating one pawn of each color on the first 10 squares of the game (30 squares in total).

    We threw the 4 astragals (small sticks that served as dice) then we advanced the number of sticks on the rounded or colored side (depending on the ages of the game).

    The first player to get all these pawns out wins the game.

    There were five special boxes that acted as traps. An ancestor of the game of goose and small horses?

    Good day to you all. Take care of your loved ones and yourself.


     

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone!

    Mehen (or “snake game”) is one of the oldest board games in the world.

    The stone or earthenware game tables resemble a goose game in the shape of a coiled snake.

    Each player has these three lions and three lionesses to advance on the board using the 36 marbles (red or white) that the player threw.

    The object of the game is to be the first to make all of your pawns travel the snake from head to tail.

    Good day and good game ;)

  • Did you know?

     

    Hello everyone.

    Did you know?

    The Romans played strategic military games such as hopscotch, hopscotch, and the pyramid of walnuts.

    Games of conquest of the territory and management of resources.

    Good Wednesday and good luck!

    20200401 160331

  • Did you know?

     

    Hello everybody! I hope you are well.

    Today one did you know.

    Monopoly was invented by a woman who tried to warn people about the dangers of capitalism!

    In 1904, a woman named Elizabeth Magic obtained a patent for a board game she invented called "Owner's Game."

    Magic aimed with its game to inform and alert people to the economic dangers and the antisocial nature of the monopoly.

    Charles Darrow, improved it and named it Monopoly in 1931.

    This game went on to become the most famous board game around the world.

    Good day everyone and take care of yourself and your loved ones.

    Thanks to those who continue to face this virus ❤

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone!

    The 52-card decks are based on the Gregorian calendar:

    there are 4 suits for the 4 seasons of the year, 12 figures for the 12 months, 52 cards for the 52 weeks and the sum of all the points in a deck. of 52 cards plus the joker is 365 for the 365 days of the year, and 366 with 2 jokers for leap years.

    Have a good day and have a good Wednesday everyone;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone!

    Where does the expression "checkmate" come from?

    The game of chess is 3000 years BC in India.

    "Shah" is the title of the Persian monarch, and automatically the chess king was called the "Shah".

    To win at chess, you must defeat the king by attacking him and rendering him unable to move.

    This is called "checkmate".

    This expression actually comes from "Shah Mat" which means "The king is defeated".

    Mat is a Persian word for "defeated", "helpless", or "paralyzed".

    Have a good day and have a good Wednesday everyone;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone! Happy children's day;)

    The longest game of Monopoly ever played spanned 70 consecutive days!

    A typical game of Monopoly is supposed to last between one and four hours, but according to Hasbro, the famous American company specializing in toys and games, the longest game of Monopoly in history has been a real marathon. It has, in fact, lasted 70 consecutive days.

    Have a good day everyone and have a good game;)

  • Did you know?

     

    Hello everyone! Happy children's day;)

    Any Rubik's Cube configuration can be solved in just 20 moves!

    Despite the fact that it took Erno Rubik, the inventor of the Rubik's Cube, a month to solve it, and this famous puzzle has 43,252,003,274,489,856,000 possible configurations, the latter can be solved by only 20 movements!

    This is the conclusion of a team of researchers based in Palo Alto, Calif., Who used Google computers to perform this calculation that would take 35 years on a high-end PC.

    By going through algebra, by modeling each of the rotations as a letter, the researchers demonstrated that any configuration of the cube can be solved in 20 movements. This number of movements is known as the god number.

    Have a good day everyone and have a good game;)

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone! Happy children's day;)

    In the USA, more Monopoly tickets are printed every year than real dollars!

    US board game publisher Parker Brothers, best known for its Monopoly, said it prints about $ 30 billion in play money each year that is used to play Monopoly.

    Have a lovely day everybody!

  • Did you know?

    Hello everyone!

    Happy children's day;)

    In all card games, the kings presented by the letter K for King feature four of the greatest kings in history:

    Heart: Charlemagne, or Charles I said "the Great", Emperor of the West.

    Clover: Alexander the Great or Alexander III of Macedon, he became one of the greatest conquerors in history. He made his small kingdom the ruler of the immense Achaemenid Persian Empire.

    Carreau: Julius Caesar, Roman general with an exceptional destiny who marked the Roman world and universal history.

    Spades: King David, warrior and religious figure, He is known to have defeated the giant Goliath using his slingshot.

    Good day to you all!

    Jeucartesancien19eme 1

  • A dice story!

    The dice owes its name to the Latin "datura" which means "given by lot".

    2400 years BC the first dice were found in the Indus Valley (present-day Pakistan).

    The Indians were the first dice players.

    The earliest traces of their ancestors the knucklebones date from ancient Egypt.

    Found in the tombs, they were used as amulets and for divination.

    The ossicle never stabilizes on the rounded faces but on the 4 flat faces (where the numbers are put).

    In ancient times, four bones were thrown at a time and the total was counted.

    The first pipé ossicle dates from the medieval period when it was filed and sealed.

    The games of throwing and the games of chance were the two dice games played by the Romans.

    Julius Caesar when he crossed the Rubicon without permission used the expression "alea jacta est" literally "the die is cast".

    The Greek Palamedes and his troops played dice during the siege of Troy.

    They appear in France around the 12th century at the time of chivalry.

    In some cities there are even “Scholae Deciorum” or Dice Game Academies.

    Jouet 9

  • Playing card, when everything started

     

    If I say leaf game or mamelukes, does that mean anything to you?

    You certainly know their descendants the playing cards.

    The playing cards were born thanks to a derivative of the Indian divinatory dice.

    Between 618 and 907 Princess Tongchang then played the leaf game with her in-laws.

    As early as the 11th century, Mongolian merchants from Asia reportedly brought them back to Europe along with silk.

    It was also in the 14th century that they could have entered via Venice through the Egyptian Mamluk.

    This 52-card deck is the one that most closely resembles our current deck.

    Progress in printing facilitates their distribution throughout Europe and operates in 4 series (heart, bell, leaf, acorn in Germany; sword, stick, cup and coin in Spain and Italy).

    The game that eventually became the "standard" is the French game as we know it with its clubs, diamonds, hearts and spades.

    It was only during the French Revolution that the ace became stronger than the king to signify the power of the people over the king.

    Jokers were not introduced until the end of the 19th century.

    Did you know that the king of diamonds is inspired by Julius Caesar and the jack of clubs Lancelot du Lac?

    Jeucartesancien19eme 1

  • From the middle ages to modern times

    The more popular toys and games became, the more new games were created.

    In 1638, the first casino opened in Venice on the grand canal.

    It still exists today.

    Created with a desire to learn more about antique dice and card games, we can say that the bet is fulfilled.

    Canaletto palazzo loredan vendramin calergi

     

    The rise of printing contributed to the birth and development of card games.

    In 1370, the first card game was born.

    They are in oval shapes and do not look the same as our current games.

    Jeucartesancien19eme 1

     

    The first board games and more modern card games arrive at the end of the 19th-early 20th century.

    In 1890, the Whist gave way to bridge.

    La Belotte was created in 1914 by Mr. Belot who himself established the first rules.

    Tourel regles des jeux belotte manille piquet poker whist bridge baccara l ecarte livre ancien 971041425 l

    The first monopoly appeared in 1935 and was popularized much later in France.

    This is the start of the era of modern games, be they boards, cards or dice.

    The famous scrabble and 1000 terminals appeared in 1950 and 1954 respectively.

    Original patent for monopoly board game square edward fieldingSpears scrabble game mid 1950 39 s 700 600 5u55lMilleborne1954

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    In 1971, another revolution was underway.

    With Chainmail, the first role-playing games emerge in turn.

    These famous war games with fantastic creatures that another generation is keen on.

    Chainmailmontage

     

  • "Suspecie ludi" or the playful element that captivates humans

    Since the beginning of the Egyptian, Greek and Roman civilizations, games and toys have played an essential role.

    In 700 BC appear the first dolls with articulated limbs.

    Montagepoupeesantiques

    Many other miniaturized objects were also found such as tools, weapons, statuettes and animal figures.

    Let’s not forget the games our children always play, such as marbles and knucklebones. The Romans, for example, played a lot of strategic military games such as Latroncules.

    Montageosseletslatroncule

     

     The games of conquering territory and pieces were the main goal of the games of hopscotch and the pyramid of nuts for example.

    Montagemarelleromainetpyramidenoix

     

     

  • Board games in the beginning

    Once upon a time, 3000 years ago in Egypt, we were already playing board games.

    With the game of 20 squares, you had to advance your pawn by trying to block your opponent on a board containing 20 squares.

    20cases

    It was subsequently made more difficult by the Persian Chalran in the 5th century.

    The hierarchy of the pieces then allows more advanced tactics and game bases.

    As early as 600 AD, the first chess players appear in the texts thanks to their Indian ancestor the chaturanga.

    Wsb 675x479 shaturanga

    The Egyptians are part of the people who like to play board games.

    You may recognize a game that everyone knows ... Mehen is the ancestor of the game of goose.

    The progression is also done with pawns (lions, lionesses and 36 marbles) on a board.

    Mehen

    Then appears the ancestor of backgammon, the seneth.

    A tactical game where you have to advance your pawns on the board and reach the thirtieth square without getting your pawns caught or falling into traps.

    Senetancien

  • Game culture :) Tribute to one of the first chess champions

    114 years ago today, a great lady was born, Lioudmila Roudenko, the second world chess champion after her compatriot Vera Menchik.

    In 1950, Soviet women won the first four places in the World Women's Chess Championship.

    She was dethroned in 1953 by her compatriot Elisabeth Bykova!

    In the historical context of the time it is a feat!

    Thanks to these ladies and thanks google for the booster shot :)

    Championnat d'échecs

CYLEX https://hoodspot.fr/magasin-de-jouets/joue-le-jeu-vaison-83875728400016/