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Hello everyone !
Universities were created in the Middle Ages!
The term "universitas" appears in the West to designate the group formed by teachers and their students.
The oldest universities were created more or less simultaneously, around 1200, in sites already active at the end of the 12th century: Bologna, Paris, Oxford, Montpellier.
These four institutions remained until the end of the Middle Ages and well after, the most prestigious Western universities.
Medieval universities, organized into faculties from their foundation, generally have five faculties.
The Faculty of Arts has the largest number of students: it teaches the seven liberal arts (grammar, rhetoric, dialectics, geometry, astronomy, arithmetic, music) which constitute the common basis of any university course.
When students have obtained the Master of Arts, they have the option of moving on to the Faculties of Medicine, Canon Law, Civil Law or Theology.
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