The Mexicans may have traced their genealogy since the founding of New Spain, they were collectively recruited as seasonal workers, notably in the corn and cotton fields of the New Mexico.
based in San Francisco Unlike the Italian or Irish migrants, these newcomers did not flee poverty.
For most traders, investors or bankers, it was the opportunities to make a fortune that attracted them there.
To mock the lack of enthusiasm of our fellow citizens to adopt the English language, they nicknamed them the "kezkidis".
The British: The Mormon Wave Among the workers in the coalfields, one particular case has deeply marked the history of the West: that of the British Mormons who came to build "the new Jerusalem" in the great American spaces.
The Irish: A Key Role in the Railroad Epic Found in large numbers in the mines of California, Nevada and Colorado, they also played a key role in the railroad epic.
From 1860 to 1869, the faithful of Saint Patrick built from Omaha, Nebraska, the "east-west" section of the first transcontinental railway line, while their Chinese counterparts carried out from Sacramento, Calif., The “west-east” section.
So it was thanks to the Sino-Irish force that New York was only a week's journey from San Francisco - instead of six months before.
The Chinese: They called themselves "Gamsaanhaak", "the guests of the Golden Mountain".
An evocative paraphrase to designate California plunged into gold fever since 1848.
Agricultural workers (coolies), cooks, launderers around the deposits, or workers, they were distinguished by their endurance.